I have mentioned earlier in my article’s that economics discipline demand thinking logically and are consistently based on models. Economists also generally assume that people respond to economic incentives and rational when they make any decisions. In economics we never really have only answers, but we are able to understand things better through research that initiates debate and makes good policy outcomes more likely.
Instead of using economic analysis in a study of compliance, we also can use Sociologists and Social Psychology analysts on study of compliance. For example, we can study impact of peer pressure on drug and smoking issues. A teenager's normally can facing choices of getting involved with drugs or smoking because of peer pressure. Teenager’s pleasure not only influenced by consuming the products, but also on what their peers are doing. If the teenager's doing something different from what their friends doing, that will reduce the teenager's satisfaction, partly because the teenager's will receive less respect from their friends, and feel less part of the group.
Therefore when the teenager's trying to get as much satisfaction as possible, they will take into account what their friends are doing. I mean that instead of us all behaving independently, we are all behaving interdependently. Economists normally have given social influences such as peer pressure far too little attention.
Combination of areas in economics and sociologists has been very successful in analyzing criminal behavior. For example, when we study economics of crime, our research question can be: What determines the amount of crime that we have and how effective are various actions that governments can take in reducing the amount of crime? This analysis explained that apprehending and penalizing criminals, giving better education to people who might commit crimes, using social pressure to criminals, reducing unemployment, and so on.
People make choices, and these choices are conditional on their expected benefits and the cost. You can affect the number of people who decide to enter criminal activities by affecting the benefits and costs. To the extent that people make these calculations, they are more likely to enter crime when benefits are high relative to the cost.
One way to affect costs is to make it more likely that if somebody commits a crime they’ll be captured, apprehended, convicted, and penalized. That raises the cost and reduces crime. Most people accept this conclusion for most crimes.
But the economic approach is not simply a law and order approach. It also says that if you can increase the attractiveness to people of working at legal activities rather than illegal or criminal activities, you will also have less crime. One way to increase the attractiveness is to make it easier for people to find jobs and to earn more by improving their skills, their education, and their training and also by improving the problem of labor markets. In Malaysia, to improve the problem of labor markets, the government should take care with the issues such as the problem of foreign labor and productivity of labor.
(Reference: Gary S. Becker (1993). The Economic Way of Looking at Behavior. Journal of Political Economy. Vol. 101 (3), p385-409)